History of Cinema in Kazakhstan

Автор: Пользователь скрыл имя, 09 Марта 2013 в 12:17, аттестационная работа

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Native Kazakhs, a mix of Turkic and Mongol nomadic tribes who migrated into the region in the 13th century, were rarely united as a single nation. The area was conquered by Russia in the 18th century and Kazakhstan became a Soviet Republic in 1936. During the 1950s and 1960s agricultural "Virgin Lands" program, Soviet citizens were encouraged to help cultivate Kazakhstan's northern pastures. This influx of immigrants (mostly Russians, but also some other deported nationalities) skewed the ethnic mixture and enabled non-Kazakhs to outnumber natives. Independence has caused many of these newcomers to emigrate.


1. History of Cinema in Kazakhstan
2. The main problems in our cinematography and the ways of solving them
3. International Astana Action Film Festival
4. Kazakhstan cinema’s Gold Collection
5. Current movies
6. Future and prospects of our cinematography

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  • 1. History of Cinema in Kazakhstan
  • 2. The main problems in our cinematography and the ways of solving them
  • 3. International Astana Action Film Festival
  • 4. Kazakhstan cinema’s Gold Collection
  • 5. Current movies
  • 6. Future and prospects of our cinematography
  • In Kazakhstan, the first local production units did not come into being until the late 1920s, under the impetus of the Soviet power which considered cinema as a powerful propaganda instrument to support collectivisation, modernisation and the fight against Islam. Something of a The film industry in Kazakhstan began only in the 1930s. In the 1940s the mighty men of Soviet cinema (Eisenstein, Pudovkin, Vertov) and some few thousand film workers descended on Almaty, near the Chinese border. Stalin had decided during the war to shift his two main film studios from Moscow and Leningrad to Almaty, then the capital of Kazakhstan, the Soviet Union's largest republic.  
  • In the 1950s that Shaken Aimanov, the founder of Kazakh national cinema, made his first film. Although Kazakh cinema celebrated its 70th birthday last year, one could argue national film history only began in 1954 when the first Kazakh fiction film was made, Shaken Aimanov's "A Love Poem".  
  • When the studios left, after the war. the seeds of film-making were deeply planted. There was uncertain progress during the first "new wave" of Kazakh filmmakers in the 1960s. Film was particularly successful at the end of the Sixties. Films such as Sultan Khodjikov's Kyz Jibek (1971) and Shaken Aimanov's The End of Ataman (1971) were great popular successes. K. Kassymbekov's children's film Chok and Cher (1971) won the first international award, the Monte Carlo Festival silver award. But both Shaken Aimanov and Majit Begalin died a tragic death and Kazakh film was on the decline. The first wave of Kazakh cinema had ended.


  • In 2006, “Kazakhfilm” started the “People’s Choice: Golden Collection of Kazakh Cinema” campaign. Twenty films out of fifty that were chosen by the audience have been restored. The leaders of the rating were “Abai” (A Amirkulov, 1995), “Enemy, be Afraid of the Ninth Son” (V Pusurmanov, V Chugunov, 1984), “Blood and Sweat” (A Mambetov, Y Mastyugin, 1978), “Zhambyl” (E Dzigan, 1955), and “The Legendary Chokan” (A Ashimov, Tsoy Guk In, 1984).  
  • “Kazakhfilm” held “A New Documentary of Kazakhstan” festival dedicated to the 20th anniversary of the independence of Kazakhstan in Almaty in March 2011. 
  • The “I’m 20 Years Old” film about the life of young people who are the same age as the independence of Kazakhstan, made by students of the T Zhurgenev Kazakh National Academy of Art in Almaty, will be of great importance.   


  • For the development of Kazakh Film in the country to create the oldies, similar institutions in Russia fund Film.
  • According to Baurjan Shukenov, the problem of Kazakhstan's film is that most of the films funded. In addition, officials are taken those pictures, which should be allocated money. According Shukenov should consider establishing a fund consisting of professional filmmakers who would be engaged in the selection of potential film projects. "Here it's one way to move this thing, because the movie - it's money" - said Shukenov.
  • International Astana Action Film Festival (Russian: Международный кинофестиваль экшн-фильмов "Astana"), is significant as the only festival of an action film genre. The festival has been held annually in July in Astana city (Kazakhstan) since 2010. The founder and President of the Astana Action Film Festival is a famous Kazakh director, producer and screenwriter Timur Bekmambetov. General director of the festival – Iren Vanidovskaya.
  • Unlike many other film festivals, Astana Festival has no juries who choose best film or best actor. This festival, first of all, is a platform for the youth filmmakers to implement their creative potential and to share experiences.


  • The festival takes place annually on the eve of the capital of Kazakhstan’s anniversary. Organizers of the event is the management of the Astana Film Festival with the support of the Astana Mayor’s Office and Bazelevs Company.
  • First International Astana Action Film Festival was been held from June 27 till July 1, 2010 in the Kazakhstan Central Concert Hall. It was visited by such celebrities, as Dolph Lundgren, Harvey Weinstein, Hilary Swank, Mike Tyson, Sharlto Copley and many others. But the main achievement of the first festival became a film project of Apollo 18 of the young American screenwriter Brian Miller, the winner of a screenplay competition. This movie was released on September 2011, it was directed by Gonzalo López-Gallego, and produced by Timur Bekmambetov and Ron Schmidt.
  • Second International Astana Action Film Festival was held from July 1 to 5, year 2011 in the Palace of Peace and Reconciliation (Pyramid). Steven Seagal, Armand Assante, Michael Madsen and Michelle Rodriguez were among other famous faces from Hollywood, Russia and Kazakhstan on the red carpet at the opening gala night of this year festival.
  • Third International Action Film Festival was held in the Palace of Peace and Reconciliation from July 1 to 3, 2012 and gathered in Astana such celebrities as an actor Vincent Cassel, directors Kevin Reynolds and Kang Je-gyu, producers Jim Lemley and Dany Wolf and others. This festival was dedicated to the superhero themes, and the students from the leading Asian cinematography academies, who specially came to Kazakhstan to take part in the ART FEST contest, during three festival days, were creating their own superhero of Astana.


  • Botagoz 
  • Balkon - Balcony
  • Alpamys idet v shkolu - Alpamys goes to school
  • Hrani svoyu zvezdyu (Gauhartas) – Save your star (Gauhartas)
  • Tainy madam Wong – Madame Wong’s secrets
  • Igla – Needle
  • Molitva Leily – Leila’s prayer
  • Pesn’ o Manshuk – The song of Manshuk
  • Sultan Baiebars (part 1)
  • Sultan Baiebars (part 2)
  • Pogonya v stepi – Pursuit in steppe
  • Neprofessionaly – Amateurs
  • Zhnasebil’ (Dohodyaga) – Zhansebil’ (Ill-person)
  • Zhizneopisanie yunogo akkordeonista – Biography of a young accordionist
  • Zhenshina dnya – Woman of the day
  • Solenaya reka detstva – Salty river of childhood
  • Aynalayin
  • Zaman-ai
  • Trizna (Kulager)
  • Menin atym Koja


  • "Courageous" (Kazakh Zhauzhurek myn Ball) - Kazakh film director Sataeva Akana, tells the legend of the times Kazakh Dzhungarian war. Premiere took place on 16 December 2011. In Kazakhstan rental movie released May 3, 2012.
  • It starred Asylkhan Tolepv, he played the part of Sartai; 
    Aliya Telebarysova, she played the part of Zere; 
    Berik Aitjanov 
    Tilektes Meiramov 
    Bolat Abdilmanov 
    Ayan Otepbergen 
    Kuralai Anarbekova 
    Dauren Sergazin


  • On May 27, in 2012 in Cannes ends 65th anniversary festival. On this day, a ceremony awarding the main prize - "Golden Palm". 
    After a successful show Kazakh film "Zhauzhurek Myn Bala" in this prestigious international competition Telling agent for its world-hire. 
    Foreign critics say that with such high quality movies Kazakh cinema capable of much. 
    Despite the huge success at home, the creators of this unique, large-scale, international film project "Zhauzhurek myn bala" before a session in Cannes noticeably worried. After breaking all box office records in Kazakhstan, had to know the opinion of foreign audiences and the masters of world cinema. Story of young soldiers who bravely fought djungars Anyrakay famous battle, love and betrayal, the desire for freedom and independence. Do not play a Hollywood star, and the film is in Kazakh. But the picture "Zhauzhurek Myn Bala" was understandable to a wide audience of any generation. The plot of the film, its historical size and performance skills have been deservedly recognized at the Cannes Film Festival.


  • Pierre Spengler, producer (UK)
    -I am very impressed with the quality of the film itself, the quality of acting. All on high level- and self filmmaking and epic scope, and tricks, as well as other elements. All it needs to attract the viewer. The more I looked, "Myn bala", so diligently sought to excuse yourself to go to Kazakhstan and remove yourself there. With such high quality Film with high-potential Kazakh cinema capable of much. I wish you to new heights. "
  • "Zhauzhurek Myn Bala" was the leader of sales in 2012



  • "Shal" (Kazakh Shal) - Kazakh film director Ermek Tursunov, a film based on a story by Ernest Hemingway's "The Old Man and the Sea." Premiere took place October 11, 2012.
  • The film is the second part of the trilogy, the filmmakers intended. The first film was a film “Kelin”.
  • Director: Ermek Tursunov 
    Producer: Alexander Vovnyanko 
    Author script: Ermek Tursunov 
    Cast: Erbolat Toguzak, Isbek Abilmazhinov
  • In the film, the action takes place in the rural areas in modern Kazakhstan. The main character, an old man, about to drive off the sheep in the pasture, getting lost in the desert. In trying to find the right way he repeatedly runs into a pack of wolves. 
    Meanwhile, his grandson goes in search of his grandfather with the help of neighbors and rescue services.


  • Despite the fact that Kazakhstan has little knowledge of national cinema, films are shot, but the directors and film critics have expressed various concerns about the future of our cinema. 
    Gulnara Abikeeva expresses rather pessimistic view of the future of our film. She fears that if the production of pictures and will be reduced, then soon most Kazakh directors leave the country, at least in Uzbekistan 
    Maxim Smagulov believes that Uzbekistan lacks its directors. Film developing and will continue to evolve, there is only one solution to the problems of Kazakh cinema - access to the world, particularly the U.S., the Hollywood film market. 
    "There will be money, and film will be" - says Leila Ahinzhanova. 
    Film experts placed their hopes on the young. They are called the "new-new" Kazakh cinema.
  • Now the most important producer of the movie is "Kazakhfilm" because most of the money accumulated there. I think over time the national studio can become what it became for Russian cinema Goskino Russia. Of 140-150 produced about 60 paintings there are partial funding from the State Committee for Cinematography, and give some of the money investors. Such a model of filmmaking seems most appropriate. After all, a picture of one hundred percent raise by the state, on the one hand, it is, on the other - there is no guarantee of return of money spent on it. If private money will be involved, the producer is interested in the box picture, its overseas sales and promotion to festivals.

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