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OJSC Aeroflot-Russian Airlines is the biggest airline in the Russian Federation .Aeroflot Russian Airlines was also named "The Best Airline Eastern Europe" at the 2011 World Airline Awards, in a ceremony held in the French Air and Space Museum at the Paris Air Show.("SKYTRAX" The World Airline Awards™, 2011).
LONDON SOUTH BANK UNIVERSITY
Student name Student ID
Adelina Dicheva Chumova 2912605
|Aeroflot Airlines Company|
|Analyses and Strategic Plan|
Aeroflot Airlines Background and History.
OJSC Aeroflot-Russian Airlines is the biggest airline in the Russian Federation .Aeroflot Russian Airlines was also named "The Best Airline Eastern Europe" at the 2011 World Airline Awards, in a ceremony held in the French Air and Space Museum at the Paris Air Show.("SKYTRAX" The World Airline Awards™, 2011).See Appendix 1 for more information.
The company was situated in 1923 and
it is one of the oldest companies in the world. Aeroflot Airlines
are operating domestic and international travelers all around
the world. Nowadays Aeroflot, has became semi-privatised
airline (51% is owned by the Russian Government) and
it is also considered as one of the profitable in the world. This
confirms 2006 financial results, from the August Issue of Airline
Business that says "Aeroflot-Russian Airlines is one of the
world best airlines" . In June 2011 Aeroflot Airline
became 10th member of "THE SKYTEAM".( http://www.skyteam.com/en/
Analyses of the company
SWOT analyses are really important
because it can really show the nowadays and future
philosophy, companies strategy and the plan of the company`s development
as it shows the (S) strengthens, (W)weaknesses, (O)opportunities
and (T)threats. It was also confirmed by R.W. Grillin
"The starting point in formulation strategy is usually SWOT analyses"
(2008) The matrix of the Aeroflot Airline company was developed
back in1997 and it shows companies condition as well as it characterise
the point of external environment.
SWOT analyses Table for Aeroflot company.
2)Old organisational system
1)Russian regions, where local Airlines are mostly used
2)Opportunity to extend the business, because of the demand in air travel around the world;
3)To offer unique experience concentrating mainly on the service culture.
4)Staff training; Increase the quality of service
6)Focus on customers
7)Opportunity to make better quality of the product
1)Low customer power of Russian population (using the airline)
2)Inflation on the traditional, famous places and resorts, taxes
3)Government`s restrictions, laws etc. in their own interests ( as 51% is owned by the government)
4)Competition with other western Airlines
5)Lack of trust
6)Competitors Active actions
It has been used the open
company information and details from the official web site
(www.aeroflot.com) and Ex General Director of the company V. Okulova`s
Analysing the company using "SWOT"
, shows that the company in general has more weaknesses and treats,
then opportunities or strengthens. But it does not mean that company
immediately collapse or that it can not have better future.
Analysing thoroughly and in details the Aeroflot company has one of the main " trump card " , which is the advantageous geographical position. E. Huntington and F. E. Williams where also highlighting the geographic factor as one the most important things running a business (1992). Russia is the connection between Europe and Far East, Middle East, South-East Asia, that is why Moscow is like a "transfer" and "transportation " center, where the capital city meets passengers from all over the Europe.
To be more critical and fair weakness factors such as service quality or old, non-upgraded technology and info-structure is pulling the company many steps down, as sometimes such factors can play the main role, choosing the service. Especially IT level is important because many mistakes can be done , as the information is going through different stages. Similar ideas where discussed by R. Behl in Information Technology for Management book (2009).
Aeroflot company still has an opportunities to extend their business locally. Offering more domestic routes, where the company is going to be able to control and organise their work and service better, dealing just with domestic travelers. As an example American companies does more then 50% of their transportation domestically.(according to bureau of transport statistics http://www.bts.nsw.
The main and the most important threat for Aeroflot company is the competition with other more well known, global and big companies, that operates also on the territory of Russian Federation, that can offer better quality product, variety of customer service and products or cheaper flights.
|Facts||Mark and status (0-10)||Importance(0-10)||Total(max 20)|
|Politics||1)Russian Government sustainability
2)The character of the political control, struggle
|Environment||1)The state of the natural, environmental resources||5||7.0||12.0|
|Socio-culture||1. Social Security
2. The criminalization of society
|Technology||1. Product creation industry innovations
PEST analyses are also very important for running any business. PEST involves Political, Environmental, Socio-Cultural and Technological factors. As it was said by Anthony Henry
"PEST shows an organization can detect and monitor weak signals in the hope of recognizing the discontinuities or trends that shape the environment." (2008).
PEST Analyses Table for Aeroflot Company.
Russian Federation political control and sustainability plays a huge role for Aeroflot company, because, as it was said before more than 50% is owned by the government and Aeroflot partly depends on what government decides. Nowadays Russia is a developing government and it does not give the assurance of sustainability tomorrow.
As for environment, Russia is famous for its oil resources, the mark of the status is only 5, because these kind of resources are not lasting forever.
There has always been a Socio-Cultural barrier with Russia. It was also discussed in Douglas W. Blum "Russia and globalization " book, where the authors think that barrier has been made because of the Worlds History and Russian role in it (2008).
Before the USSR collapsed, there has been a lot of factories and technology made on the territory of the country, it was well known and USSR where using it (Robert C. Allen "Farm to factory: a reinterpretation of the Soviet industrial revolution", 2003). Nowadays, It is a fact that there are no famous Russian technological products on the market. As it was said by L. Kosals the main problem of new innovations in Russia can not survive, as the competition nowadays is too strong and " these explains the frequent quick demise of useful innovations, as a result of which enterprises have to revert to old ways" (1994).
Michael Porters 5 forces.
Porters 5 forces
analyses for The Aeroflot company.
1) Rivalry Among Existing Competitors.
From the one side Aeroflot services
and products are unique experience, because these are the biggest
Russian airline that are known for 70 years. From the other
side, there are more better quality service on other airlines,
which are also well known such as British airways, that also offers
similar prices and places (outside Russia) . Today it is also
more "fashionable" to use more budget airlines
, such as Ryanair Airlines or Wizzair. Aeroflot still is able to compete,
as the company offers unique domestic routes with better service
then other smaller local airlines.
2) The threat of new entrants.
The level of new entrants in given segment is quite high, as this segment is quite new and not competitive. But Aeroflot is renovating their system, technology and the airpark, the company is joining new alliances and developing, which makes extra complications to enter the segment of the market. Also, the entry of new airfreight requires significant investments that will only increase in future. Because of the potential growth of Aeroflot company (see Appendix 3 "Aeroflot performances Table") probability of occurrence of new competitors decreases.
3) Bargaining power of suppliers.
As it was mentioned before there are a lot of future plans and strategies of Aeroflot company, that are based on partnership contracts with more other global alliances and different powerful aircraft companies. Such strategy and movement is giving more competitive strengthens to Aeroflot company. Taking into account, that the bargaining power of suppliers are going to be partly monopolised, it complicates the entrance of new competitors on the Russian market, especially, when Aeroflot is the oldest and the biggest Russian company and it has more advantages, cooperating with other airlines.
4) Bargaining power of buyers
From the one side Aeroflot company is offering a huge number of domestic routes, that other companies does not do. That partly reduces the bargaining power of buyers, because there are not a lot of other "players" in this segment. But there are also different local and small air companies on different part of Russia, that can offer cheaper flights.
5) Threat of substitute products or services
The threat of substitute products or
services are the most dangerous for Aeroflot company. Such as
other transportation. Especially the fast express railway
service, that connects Moscow and other large cities in Russia. Here
Aeroflot company can offer faster transportation and easier way of booking.
Strategy and recommendations.
Formula: AEROFLOT - cozier, tastier, dearer!
According to predictions of passenger transport market (see Appendix 4 )Russian Federation has really good future. The indicators are growing and there is a possibility for Aeroflot company to develop. To build better future, the company should forget their past and build new era of modern, well developed national company.
Yesterdays` Aeroflot is reserved, alienated and serious. Some of airplanes are "older then your granny", Aeroflot company is just for "people with strong nerves", you will have to eat your meal or steward will punch you, minimum comfort, minimum service, Aeroflot is just for extreme circumstances!
Tomorrow Aeroflot is INDEPENDENT experienced, safe, confident, effective, modern, comfortable, global company with good quality of comfort and service (See appendix 5 for more information). Aeroflot company primarily is focused on their customers. The staff is trained, friendly and motivated. The technology is modern and progressive and the product is qualified.
According to appendix 6, British Airways and Air-France has their brand values, what makes them one of the most successful companies. It is really important for Aeroflot company start to believe in themselves and their future and to create their own values, remembering their better qualities such as :
*World Class company
Aeroflot should also think about
changing from industrial to commercial-production mentality and
to provide a common team strategy of the airline company. Orient all
departments staff on better knowledge of service. To develop connections
with other companies and alliances. To develop and strengthen the companies
leadership position in the Russian Federation. To Provide the delivery
of passengers in most major cities in the
world. To be economically available
and to provide different quality of services for different customers.
To be competitive and to establish an effective system of relations
within the company.
List of references
1)Allen, R.C. (2003). Farm to factory: a reinterpretation of the Soviet industrial revolution. Oxford: Woodstock . p34-56.
Understanding Strategic Management
. New York: Oxford University Press. p230-240.
3)Blum,W.D. (2008). Russia and globalization: identity, security, and society in an era of change . USA: Woodrow Wilson Center Press. p66-78.
18)Kosals,L. (1994). Why doesn't Russian industry work? . London: I.B.Tauris and Co. p44-93.
19)Griffin, R.W. (2008). Fundamentals
of Management . USA: Nelson Education. p50-70.
20)Huntington,E. Williams, F.E. (1992). Business Geography: The Huntington Geography Series. USA: Wildside press. p34-56.
21)Behl,R (2009). Information Tech For Mgmt . Delhi : Hill Education. p50-68.
*The Trusted & Respected Airline Awards
Known as the Passengers Choice awards
and based on the SKYTRAX global, independent passenger survey of airline
*The Top Eastern Europe 3 Airlines
at the 2011.
RUSSIAN AIRLINES |
Aeroflot is Russia's National carrier and largest airline. Aeroflot is among the world's oldest airlines and one of Russia's most recognised brands. Through its hub at Sheremetyevo Airport in Moscow, Aeroflot operates flights to 109 destination cities in 53 different countries. Inside Russia, Aeroflot has six branches - in St. Petersburg, Sochi, Magadan, Krasnoyarsk, Kaliningrad and Vladivostok.
"Air Astana was founded in 2002 and is now the principal airline of Kazakhstan. It flies 24 aircraft on 51 domestic and international routes and has developed a comprehensive network within Central Asia and the CIS from its twin hubs of Almaty and Astana. It is a joint venture between Kazakhstan's sovereign wealth fund Samruk Kazyna and BAE Systems PLC".
|3) MALEV HUNGARIAN
Malév Hungarian Airlines is the flag carrier and principal airline of Hungary. its main operations at Budapest International Airport. From there, the airline flies to 50 cities in 34 countries worldwide using a fleet of 22 aircraft. Malév is a member of the One world alliance.