Рефераты по иностранным языкам

Analysis of additives in polymers by thin-layer chromatography coupled with Fourier transform-infrared microscopy

05 Июля 2013, статья

Department of Applied Chemistry, RMIT University, Melbourne, Vic. 3001, Australia
Received 10 September 2001; received in revised form 20 January 2002; accepted 25 January 2002
A new, fast and convenient method based on coupled thin-layer chromatography (TLC) and Fourier transform-infrared
(FT-IR) microscopy is developed to separate, detect and identify the additives in polymers. After the TLC development, the
analytes were transferred on to a barium fluoride (BaF
) salt plate via a special capillary technique and analysed by FT-IR

Analysis of the importance of financial performances and comparison of financial ratios of Chancellors Hotel with another business in the same industry and industry averages

16 Февраля 2013, доклад

The Report below is about analysis of the importance of the financial ratios of the Chancellors Hotel and Conference Centre. Hotel is owned by The University of Manchester and it is located in Fallowfield, Manchester, United Kingdom. Ratio analysis helps to identify problem areas and opportunities within the business. Report includes explanations of the most important financial ratios, such as Profitability Ratios, Liquidity Ratios and Working Capital Management Ratios. To see how well Chancellors Hotel operates, it is compared with another business and with Average Industry ratios. Moreover, report includes areas of good and bad practice. In conclusions are given recommendations on how to improve performance of the Hotel.

Ancient Egyptian Medicine

08 Ноября 2011, реферат

The Ancient Egyptians have provided modern historians with a great deal of knowledge and evidence about their attitude towards medicine and the medical knowledge that they had. This evidence has come from the numerous papyruses found in archaeological searches.

Ancient Greek culture

12 Марта 2012, реферат

Studying of cultural life of the various people and the countries long since was the business, drawing attention of philosophers, historians, writers, travelers, and simply inquisitive people. However Cultural science - a youngish science. It has started to be allocated in special field of knowledge since XVIII century And has got the status of independent scientific discipline actually only in XX century. The word "cultural science" has been entered for its name by the American scientist L.Uajtom in the early thirties

Ancient Greek Culture and Civilization

27 Июля 2013, реферат

Ancient Greek Culture was the birthplace of Western civilisation about 4000 years ago. Ancient Greece produced many magnificent achievements in areas of government, science, philosophy and the arts that still influence our lives.
• Democracy
• Sciences
• Philosophy
• Art
• Architecture
• Olympic Games


09 Марта 2011, реферат

Цель: повторить пройденный материал

Задачи: 1) коммуникативные: учить учащихся задавать и отвечать на вопросы, и использовать лексику по теме «Animals»

2) образовательные: повторить с учащимися лексические единицы по теме «Animals»

3) воспитательные: воспитывать трудолюбие, ответственность, уважение, взаимопомощь, любовь к английскому языку.

4) развивающие: развивать внимание, память, мышление, речь, языковую догадку.

Animated character for General Motors Corporation

13 Декабря 2011, творческая работа

Firstly when the surfer enter the website where the AC is placed he must be asked if he or she want to use such option, because some people think that such application only annoying and interrupting them when they want to find some useful information about the product.

Anthropology in Latin means

12 Февраля 2013, реферат

Anthropology as an independent discipline began to develop in the second half of the 18th - century. Early attempts to understand man's place in nature, its similarity to other organisms, its originality, is probably as old as it is scientific knowledge in general. The main stages of anthropological knowledge coincide with critical stages of history of human society. The struggle between old and new outlook, the rise or collapse of thousands of individual destinies could not lead to a profound meditation on the essence of human nature.
"Assignment" man, the forces that led people in the world and who armed his mind, raised above all living beings and at the same time made the victim of countless disasters and social injustice.


29 Марта 2012, реферат

Vèsturè tie¸i romie¸u kultúrai daudzâs tâs izpausmès bija lemts iespaidot Eiropas kultúras processus. No sâkotnèji nelielas pilsètas Roma pârtop par varenu lielvalsti. Lìdz III gs. p.m.è. sâkumam kâ savstarpèjos karos veiksmìgâkajiem izdodas pakîaut pârèjâs cilis un latìðu valoda kîúst par romie¸u kultúras valodu, tomèr grie¿u valoda romie¸u sabiedrìbâ allaý tika uzskatìta par nozìmìgu, un tâs teicamâs zinâ¸anas darìja godu patiesi izglìtotam romietim. Grie¿u ietekme daýâdâs romie¸u dzìves norisès kîúst jo tie¸âka, kad I gs. p.m.è.

Appraising the European Central Bank

13 Декабря 2011, реферат

THE global economy has stopped sinking and central bankers are pausing for breath. As The Economist went to press on July 2nd, the European Central Bank (ECB) was expected to keep its main “refi” interest rate unchanged, at 1%. The ECB’s rate-setting council has been chary of cutting rates closer to zero as policymakers elsewhere have done. Its reluctance to do more has attracted criticism, only some of it fair.

Are you reaping the benefits from your monitoring system?

07 Октября 2011, реферат

Many power stations do not benefit from their sophisticated monitoring systems due to lack of expertise. Further, systems are generally over sold by their suppliers, using words such "failure predictions" and "estimating times to failure". This is the Holy Grail of monitoring but rarely achievable. However, the monitoring of power stations using the correct level of expertise and equipment can reap significant benefits

Armenian culture

03 Марта 2013, доклад

The Red emblematizes the Armenian Highland, the Armenian people's continued struggle for survival, maintenance of the Christian faith, Armenia's independence and freedom. The Blue emblematizes the will of the people of Armenia to live beneath peaceful skies. The Orange emblematizes the creative talent and hard-working nature of the people of Armenia. Coat of arms: Eagle and Lion were chosen because of their power, courage, patience, wisdom, and nobility in animal kingdom. Other elements in the middle Mount Ararat and the symbols of the 4 Armenian dynasties (Artashesian, Arshakunian, Bagratuni and Rubinian);

Aspect is a grammatical category

03 Апреля 2013, реферат

A basic aspectual distinction is that between perfective and imperfective aspects (not to be confused with perfect and imperfect verb forms; the meanings of the latter terms are somewhat different). Perfective aspect is used in referring to an event conceived as bounded and unitary, without reference to any flow of time during it ("I killed him"). Imperfective aspect is used for situations conceived as existing continuously or repetitively as time flows ("I was killing him"; "I used to kill people"). Further distinctions can be made, for example, to distinguish states and ongoing actions (continuous and progressive aspects) from repetitive actions (habitual aspect).

Aspects of Programming

01 Апреля 2013, реферат

Leibniz had as ideal the following.
(1) Create a ‘universal language’ in which all possible problems can be stated.
(2) Find a decision method to solve all the problems stated in the universal
If one restricts oneself to mathematical problems, point (1) of Leibniz’ ideal
is fulfilled by taking some form of set theory formulated in the language of
first order predicate logic. This was the situation after Frege and Russell (or

Assignment Submission Form

01 Апреля 2013, реферат

Please complete and attach this form to your assignment. All assignments must be submitted on the stipulated submission date.
Please add a “ü” into appropriate box to indicate your assignment type.

Association of Southeast Asian Nations

23 Июня 2013, творческая работа

• Brief about ASEAN, its drivers and principles
• History of ASEAN through timeline
• Regional integration processes
• Achievements, challenges and future prospects
• Q&A

Ausländer in Deutschland

21 Ноября 2010, реферат

In Deutschland leben knapp 82 Millionen Menschen. Rund 15 Millionen von ihnen haben ausländische Wurzeln. Chancengleichheit scheint für sie nicht zu bestehen. Mit und ohne Bildung benachteiligt. Asylbewerber leben auf unsere Kosten und arbeiten nichts.

Automatic Identification System

17 Ноября 2010, курсовая работа

The Automatic Identification System (AIS) was originally developed to aid the Vessel Traffic Services (VTS) by use of a VHF transponder working on Digital Selective Call (DSC) at VHF CH70, and is still in use along the UK coastal areas and others. Some time later the IMO developed a Universal AIS using the new sophisticated technology called Self-Organized Time Division Multiple Access (SOTDMA) based on a VHF Data Link (VDL). The system operates in three modes – autonomous (continuous operation in all areas), assigned (data transmission interval remotely controlled by authority in traffic monitoring service) and polled (in response to interrogation from a ship or authority). It is synchronized with GPS time to avoid conflict among multiple users (IMO minimum 2000 reports per minute and IEC requires 4500 reports on two channels). The VHF channels 87B and 88B are commonly used and in addition there are local AIS frequencies. Shipborne AIS transponders exchange various data as specified by the IMO and ITU on either frequency automatically set up by the frequency management telecommand received by the DSC receiver on ship.

Aвторская метафора как объект перевода

27 Февраля 2013, статья

В статье описываются закономерности перевода авторской метафоры в художественном тексте, обнаруженные в ходе
сопоставительного семантического анализа метафор в произведениях английской литературы и их переводах на
русский язык.
Настоящая статья содержит описание результатов анализа семантики и структуры авторской (художественной) метафоры в оригинале и переводе, проведенного с целью выявления закономерностей перевода такой метафоры
с английского языка на русский. Материалом исследования послужили классические произведения английской прозы (Моэм, Пристли, Джером).

Background lexis of educational system of England and Kazakhstan

18 Апреля 2012, доклад

The importance of the given research is defined by the necessity of more complete investigation of a problem of connection and interaction of language and culture.
On the one hand, language and culture represent two various concepts, serving different spheres of humans’ life, on the other hand, they are closely connected with each other and related to each other.


23 Декабря 2011, реферат

Barcelona es una ciudad española y capital de la Comunidad Autónoma de Cataluña. Con una población de 1.619.337 habitantes (Instituto de Estadística de Cataluña 2010), es la segunda ciudad más poblada de España, tras Madrid, y la undécima de la Unión Europea. Se ubica a orillas del mar Mediterráneo, unos 120 km al sur de la cadena montañosa de los Pirineos y de la frontera con Francia.

Benjamin Franklin

28 Марта 2012, реферат

Benjamin Franklin was a genius, recognized as such at home and abroad in his own time and still today. George Washington referred to him as "that great philosopher." Thomas Jefferson called him "the greatest man of the age and country in which he lived." John Adams said of him: "Franklin had a great genius, original, sagacious, and inventive, capable of discoveries in science no less than of improvements in the fine arts and the mechanical arts....His reputation was more universal than that of Leibnitz or Newton, Frederick or Voltaire.

Best Known For

07 Ноября 2012, реферат

Best Known For
Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton was an Irish-born British explorer who was a principal figure of the period known as the Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration
Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton was a British explorer who in 1901 joined an expedition to the Antarctic. He was sent home early due to bad health. Devoted to creating a legacy, he led the Trans-Antarctic Expedition. Disaster struck when his ship, the Endurance, was crushed by ice. He and his crew drifted on sheets of ice for months until they reached Elephant Island. Shackleton eventually rescued his crew,

Beyond Eureka

27 Ноября 2011, реферат

The accepted mythology of entrepreneurship goes something like this: An average guy or gal has a flash of inspiration, funds a startup with credit cards, and eventually achieves runaway financial success. Sound familiar?

Boris Don't sneer at Starbucks over tax payment

23 Апреля 2013, статья

London Mayor Boris Johnson has urged people not to "sneer" at the coffee chain Starbucks over its decision to pay £20m in corporation tax.
The company, which has come under considerable criticism for paying nothing over the past three years, announced the move earlier this month.
Critics described this as a desperate attempt to improve publicity.
But Mr Johnson told the BBC, Starbucks was showing "corporate responsibility" and the issue was "difficult".
The company has paid £8.6m in corporation tax in its 14 years of trading in the UK and nothing in the last three years, despite UK sales of nearly £400m in 2011.

Borodino: it’s been 200 years

01 Октября 2012, практическая работа

План - конспект урока английского языка «Borodino: it’s been 200 years» для учащихся 9 классов.

Bosnia and Herzegovina

30 Октября 2011, доклад

Bosnia and Herzegovina , sometimes called Bosnia-Herzegovina or simply Bosnia, is a country in Southern Europe, on the Balkan Peninsula. Bordered by Croatia to the north, west and south, Serbia to the east, and Montenegro to the southeast. Bosnia and Herzegovina is almost landlocked, except for the 26 kilometres of coastline on the Adriatic Sea surrounding the town of Neum. In the central and southern region’s of the country’s the located is mountains. Bosnia and Herzegovina has a temperate continental climate with hot summers and cold snowy winters.

British architecture

17 Декабря 2011, лекция

There is no place in all Britain and few in the whole world, so surrounded by mystery as the group of huge, rough-cut stones which people call Stonehenge – place of the “hanging stones”. This “Riddle of Ages” is situated on the Salisbury Plain in Wiltshire, a county in south-western England. It is the most famous and probably the most remarkable of all prehistoric monuments in the country. Started 5,000 years ago and remodelled several times in the centuries that followed. It represents one of the most remarkable achievements of prehistoric engineering. It is made of many upright stones, standing in groups of twos, 8,5 meters high. They are joined on the top by other flat stones, each weighing about 7 tons. They form a 97 foot-diameter circle that once held 30 columns and an inner horseshoe of even grander blocks, some 200 feet tall.

British holiday

10 Января 2011, реферат

One of them is, of course, New Year's Day on the first of January. It is not so popular in England as in our country, but it is rather popular in Scotland. On that day people usually visit their friends and there is a lot of dancing and eating. In Scotland people bring a piece of coal for good luck in the New Year.

British pubs

05 Декабря 2011, контрольная работа

English –genii of comfort. Nowhere in the world there is such a warm, cozy interiors, as in British houses, and the older the house, the more generations living in it, the more it is appreciated.
There is only one place where a foreigner traveler can come in an coziness of the English fireplace and its name is a pub.
Pub – a unique and absolutely typical phenomenon of English life. It is as an integral part of the English landscape as green fields, sheep and old oaks under fast floating clouds.